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PLANT KINGDOM

COMMON NAME OF GROUP OF PLANTS

MOSSES

FERNS

CONIFERS

FLOWERING PLANTS

SCIENTIFIC NAME OF GROUP OF PLANTS

BRYOPHYTES

PTERIDOPHYTES

GYMNOSPERMS

ANGIOSPERMS

EXAMPLES

Moss, Liverworts

Fishbone fern,
Bracken fern

Pine tree, Oak tree

Rose, Carrot, Grass,
Apple Tree

VASCULAR OR
NON-VASCULAR

Non-vascular

Vascular

Vascular

Vascular

TRUE OR NOT TRUE
ROOTS, STEMS AND LEAVES

Not true roots, stems
and leaves

True roots, stems
and leaves

True roots, stems
and leaves

True roots, stems
and leaves

REPRODUCTION BY SPORES OR SEEDS

Spores

Spores

Seeds in cones

Seeds in fruit

CONES
(PRESENT OR ABSENT)

Absent

Absent

Present

Absent

FLOWERS AND FRUITS
(PRESENT OR ABSENT)

Absent

Absent

Absent

Present


INVERTEBRATES - ANIMALS WITHOUT BACKBONES

PHYLUM

PORIFERA

CNIDARIA
OR
COELENTERATA

WORMS

MOLLUSCA

ECHINODERMATA

ARTHROPODA

EXAMPLES

Sponge

Jellyfish, Coral,
Hydra, Sea Anemone

Tapeworm,
Roundworm,
Earthworm,
Leech

Slug, Snail, Clam,
Oyster, Mussel,
Octopus, Squid

Starfish,
Sea Urchin,
Sea Cucumber,
Sand Dollar

Crustaceans -
Crab, Lobster,
Prawn
Myriapods -
Centipede, Millipede
Arachnids -
Spider, Scorpion, Tick
Insects -
Fly, Mosquito, Bee, Ant, Moth, Butterfly, Cricket, Grasshopper

MAIN
CHARACTER-
ISTICS

  • Spongy body with many holes
  • Hollow body
  • Tentacles with stinging cells
  • Soft elongated body
  • Soft body
  • Muscular foot
  • Spiny skin
  • Radiating arms
  • Exoskeleton
  • Segmented body
  • Jointed legs

SYMMETRY

None

Radial

Bilateral

Bilateral

Radial

Bilateral

REPRODUCTION

Asexual

Both

Both

Sexual

Both

Sexual


PHYLUM CHORDATA - THE VERTEBRATES OR ANIMALS WITH BACKBONES

CLASS

FISH

AMPHIBIA

REPTILIA

AVES (BIRDS)

MAMMALIA

EXAMPLES

Shark, Stingray,
Marlin, Cod, Bream

Frog, Toad, Newt,
Salamander

Snake, Lizard,
Crocodile, Turtle

Kookaburra, Emu,
Penguin

Monotremes (lays eggs) -
Platypus, Echidna
Marsupials (has a pouch) -
Kangaroo, Koala, Wombat, Bandicoot
Placentals (has an umbilical cord) -
Human, Dog, Horse, Whale, Dolphin

BODY
TEMPERATURE

Changing

Changing

Changing

Constant

Constant

EXTERNAL COVERING

Scales

Moist skin

Scales

Feathers

Hair or Fur

METHOD OF BREATHING

Gills

Tadpole Stage -
Gills
Adult Stage -
Lungs and Moist Skin

Lungs

Lungs

Lungs

TYPE OF SYMMETRY

Bilateral

Bilateral

Bilateral

Bilateral

Bilateral

TYPE OF REPRODUCTION

Sexual

Sexual

Sexual

Sexual

Sexual

TYPE OF FERTILISATION

External

External

Internal

Internal

Internal