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Home Experiments

SIMPLE MACHINES

A Single Movable Pulley

Safety rules:
Parent supervision
Take care with scissors
 
Materials you need are:
2 empty sewing thread reels
2 dowel rods
string
scissors
weights
Home Experiments

Suspend the two sewing reels (pulleys) from a horizontal support (e.g. a curtain rail) as in the diagram. Attach the weight to the movable pulley, and pull on the thread attached to the fixed pulley to lift it. Compare the effort of lifting with the actual weight.

You should find that the effort to lift the weight is much less than the weight itself.

Broomstick Pulleys

You will need 2 broomsticks, about 3 metres of rope and three people.

Tie one end of the rope to one end of a broomstick. Wrap the rope around the broomsticks which are about 30cm apart as in the diagram. Ask two friends to stand and hold the broomsticks firmly. You pull the free end of the rope.

Home Experiments

No matter how hard they try to pull the broomsticks apart, you will easily be able to pull the broomsticks together. They are acting as movable pulleys.