The method of citing references and compiling bibliographies that is accepted as standard within a school is the Harvard System. A standard Harvard System bibliographic entry consists of, in order:
- the author's surname, followed by the initials of his/her given name/s, followed by a full stop
- the year of publication of the item that is being listed, followed by a full stop
- the title of the item that is being listed, underlined and followed by a full stop
- the place of publication followed by a semi-colon
- the name of the publisher followed by a full stop.
Note that all words in the titles of journals and newspapers are capitalised. Also note that the second lines of entries are indented 3 spaces.
Some examples of bibliographic entries are:
Andrews, P. 1997. A Guide to Photography. Ringwood, Vic;
- An article from a journal / magasine / periodical
Hamder, W.N. 1994. Blue-Water Plankton.
National Geographic. 146 (issue3), 530-545
- A newspaper article that does not have an author's name
Anon. 1996. Whale Freed From Beach.
The Courier Mail. 23 February, p.3.
- A newspaper article that does have an author
Bending, Christine. 2000. More Koalas For Japan.
The Sunday Mail. 3 August, p.6
WRITING BIBLIOGRAPHIES FROM THE INTERNET
There are no definite standards for writing bibliographies from the Internet. The following guidelines are recommended to be included:
- author's full name as shown on Web page (if present)
- publisher (if known)
- the date that you accessed the information
- full title
- the date the Web page was last updated
- URL (Universal Reference Location) or the Internet address of the page
An example is:
- 1999, http://www.thorplus.purdue.edu/AquaNIC/Images/