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Geology Quiz - Earth Movements
1. The interior structure of the earth from the surface to the centre is:
A inner core, outer core, mantle and crust
B atmosphere, mantle, crust
C crust, mantle and core
2. The most common element in the earth's crust is:
A aluminium
B silicon
C iron
3. The layer of the earth which is plastic like putty is the:
A crust
B mantle
C core
4. The core of the earth is:
A partly molten rock and partly solid rock
B completely made of iron
C plastic like putty
5. What occurs where crustal plates diverge or move apart?
A erosion
B earthquakes
C volcanoes
6. Convergent crustal plate boundaries are sites of:
A erosion
B earthquakes
C volcanoes
7. The Theory of Continental Drift states that:
A continents were once joined together and have since moved apart
B one original super-continent sank and rose in different locations forming valleys and mountains as we now know them
C the continents of the world drift like boats in any direction on the molten rock beneath the surface
8. The original super-continent that may have existed 200 million years ago has been named:
A Pangaea
B Gondwana
C Antarctica
9. Gondwana is the name given to the super-continent:
Athat existed 20 million years ago
Bin the southern hemisphere
Con which dinosaurs such as Tyrannosaurus Rex roamed one million years ago
10. The point at which an earthquake begins under the earth is called the:
Aepicentre
Bfocus
Cearthquake zone
11. The instrument used to measure earthquakes is the:
ARichter Scale
BBeaufort Scale
Cseismograph
12. The earthquake waves that cause the greatest damage to buildings are the:
AL or longitudinal waves
BP or primary waves
CS or secondary waves
13. The molten rock which flows from a volcano vent is:
Amagma
Bmantle
Clava
14. A volcano that has not erupted for a considerable time is called:
Aactive
Bextinct
Cdormant
15. When rock layers fold, the trough or valley formed has the name of:
Asyncline
Bfault
Canticline

 

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